IEA: Προετοιμασία για το διάλογο στην Κοπεγχάγη

[για μετάφραση, αν απαιτείται, κλικ στην ελληνική σημαία στην πλαϊνή στήλη]

Renewable Energy Critical to Climate Change Mitigation: : To highlight the important role that renewable energy must play in achieving climate change mitigation objectives, the IEA will present key findings from its scenario analysis and energy technology roadmaps on the margins of the UN climate conference in Copenhagen at three separate side events: IEA Sustainable Energy Policy and Technology Day (16 December), the World Energy Outlook 2009 briefing (17 December) and the IRENA-REN21 joint event with the IEA, IEA Renewable Energy Technology Deployment Implementing Agreement, European Renewable Energy Council and Greenpeace (15 December). According to the World Energy Outlook 2009, renewable energy will be the second largest contributor -- after energy efficiency -- to the reduction of energy-related CO2 emissions in 2030, accounting for abatement of more than 3.1 Gt/yr (23% of the total CO2 reductions needed to be on the path towards stabilisation of CO2 concentration at levels to hold global long-term temperature increase to two degrees C). The increasing role of renewables will be particularly significant in the power sector. IEA experts will explain in detail what steps will be necessary to achieve full renewable potential.

Energy Technology Roadmaps: The climate change negotiations have focused on creation, expansion and improvement of the global carbon market through mechanisms such as cap-and-trade and sectoral approaches. In order to achieve these climate change goals, however, a number of key low-carbon technologies -- including carbon capture and storage, sustainable biofuels, offshore wind energy, advanced solar energy, electric vehicles and fully integrated energy efficiency – need to be rapidly developed, demonstrated and commercialised. To provide strategic guidance for advancing these and other technologies, the IEA is developing a series of Energy Technology Roadmaps. Each roadmap contiains technology-specific analysis of investment needs, policy frameworks, technology development and public engagement milestones and actions that will be necessary for the technology to deliver on its low-carbon potential by 2050. This input will supplement and provide important input to negotiators at Copenhagen as they attempt to develop the optimal solution for climate and energy policies. For more information click here.

Carbon Market Mechanisms in Copenhagen: The Copenhagen negotiations will address the issue of the expansion of the carbon market. The international carbon market as we know it today has triggered an impressive number of projects that lower emissions in developing countries – with credits to be used by Kyoto Protocol parties to help achieve their emission commitments. In spite of progress to date, there is wide recognition that such efforts need up-scaling if we are to stabilise climate, either through sectoral or policy-based carbon market mechanisms – this evolution will not be without challenges. The IEA and OECD provide critical analysis of these options in preparation of Copenhagen talks, in support of the Annex I Expert Group on the UNFCCC.

Sectoral Approaches in Electricity: Electricity is the largest, fastest growing emitter of energy-related CO2. Urgent action is needed to curb the growth in power-related CO2 emissions in the developing world. Sectoral Approaches in Electricity documents the danger of carbon lock-in in power generation and explains how the new climate policy options for discussion in Copenhagen can address this problem – on the supply and demand side of electricity. The IEA presented its recommendations on this topic to participants in the Barcelona UNFCCC meeting.

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